Essaouira is a coastal city located in the western part of Morocco, about 170 km (106 mi) southwest of the capital city of Marrakech. It is known for its well-preserved medina (old town), which is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The medina is surrounded by 18th-century ramparts and features a mix of Moroccan, European, and African influences. The medina is known for its narrow streets, traditional architecture, and lively markets.
The city’s name in Arabic “Mogador” meaning “the fort” which is a reference to the city’s history as a fortified port. The city was built by the Portuguese in the 15th century and was an important trading center in the 18th and 19th centuries.
One of the main attraction of Essaouira is the old port which is surrounded by a long sea wall and it’s a great spot for seafood and fresh fish. The city also has a number of beaches such as Plage d’Imsouane and Plage d’Essaouira, which are popular for windsurfing and kitesurfing.
Essaouira is also a popular destination for arts and culture. The city has a vibrant music scene, and it hosts the Gnaoua and World Music Festival each year. It also has a number of art galleries, craft shops, and cooperatives that showcase the work of local artists and artisans.
Overall, Essaouira is a charming and historic city that offers a mix of culture, history, and natural beauty.