Tangier City

Tangier, French Tanger, Spanish Tánger, Arabic Ṭanjah, port, and the principal metropolis of northern Morocco.

It’s positioned on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain; Tétouan lies about 40 miles (65 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2004) 669,685.

Tangier is constructed on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill. The previous city (medina), enclosed by Fifteenth-century ramparts, is dominated by a casbah, the sultan’s palace (now a museum of Moroccan artwork), and the Nice Mosque.

European quarters, whose populations have declined significantly since integration with Morocco in 1956.

Tangier Planning a Visit in addition info

Stretch to the south and west. Tangier has been the summertime website of the Moroccan royal residence since 1962. As a necessary port and commerce center, the town has wonderful highway and rail connections with Fès, Meknès, Rabat, and Casablanca.

In addition to a world airport and common delivery providers to Europe. The construction trades, fishing, and textile and carpet manufacturing complement the town’s vibrant vacationer commerce.

Tangier and its suburbs dominate the encircling area, which occupies the northernmost space of the nation, located on a peninsula instantly north of the Gharb lowland plain and adjacent to the Rif Mountains that mislead the southeast.

Past town, the area is poor in assets. Vegetable rising and poultry breeding has historically been the primary rural financial pursuits.

In the course of the early to mid-Twentieth century, Tangier was periodically beneath the collective administration of a number of international locations.

It was throughout this time that many Westerners settled there, and the town grew to become a spot of nice political and creative ferment.

Tangier was well-known as a vacation spot of artists and writers from Europe and the United States in the course of the Fifties and ’60s and to a lesser extent in later many years.

Some of the well-known Moroccan writers to reside and work there was Mohamed Choukri (Muḥammad Shukrī), whose For Bread Alone (1973), the primary of three autobiographical works, chronicled coming of age in Tangier

Historical past

Few cities have had an extra varied historical past than Tangier. Present already as a Phoenician buying and selling publish in the midst of the first millennium BCE, it later grew to become Carthaginian; the stays of a Carthaginian settlement can nonetheless be seen close to Cape Spartel.

In 81 BCE the Roman basic Quintus Sertorius captured town (then often known as Tingis) from the Mauretanian king Bocchus I.

In 38 BCE, throughout a spherical of Roman civil unrest, Tingis was taken on behalf of Octavian (the long run emperor Caesar Augustus) by Bocchus II from his brother Bogud, who supported Octavian’s rival, Mark Antony.

Changing into a free metropolis in 42 CE, Tingis was made the capital of the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana, with the identity Tingis Colonia Julia Traducta. And it remained necessary commercially even after the political capital was eliminated to Volubilis.

After 5 centuries of Roman rule and a short occupation

By the Vandals within the fifth century, Tingis was captured by the Byzantine Empire within the sixth century. When the Arabs arrived within the seventh century, nevertheless, Ceuta, not Tangier.

Appears to have been their principal fortress on the strait. The Arab basic ʿUqbah ibn Nāfiʿ (Sidi Okba) reached Tangier in 682 and from there raided deep into Morocco.

In 707, when Mūsā ibn Nuṣayr was appointed governor of North Africa, he needed to reconquer Tangier; the Amazigh (Berber) Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād was appointed governor and in 711 launched an invasion of Spain.

The place his touchdown level, Gibraltar, nonetheless bears his identity as a corruption of Jabal Ṭāriq (Mount Ṭāriq).

In 951 ʿAbd al-Raḥmān III of Córdoba, the primary caliph of the western Umayyad dynasty, annexed town, and it remained beneath Muslim Spanish rule till the collapse of the caliphate about 80 years later.

Underneath the Almoravids, Tangier grew to become Moroccan once more and—regardless of a failed try to beat town by the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator in 1437—remained so till captured by the Portuguese in 1471.

In 1580 Tangier handed, with Portugal itself, to Spain; it returned to impartial Portugal in 1656. In 1662 it was transferred to the English crown as a part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, spouse of Charles II.

The English put nice hopes on this new possession. However, although a fantastic mole (breakwater) was constructed and a brand new fortification erected.

The expense of sustaining town in opposition to Moroccan assaults and the Protestant suspicion that it was a center of Roman Catholicism brought on it to be deserted once more in 1684. Since then, it has remained part of Morocco.

Tangier started to play a major function in the historical past once more within the late 18th and early nineteenth centuries.

At the finish of the 18th century, a British consul and a few 100 British residents resided there and within the surrounding Tétouan area.

In the course of the siege of Gibraltar by the Spanish (1779–83), these Britons have been expelled by the sultan. Tangier grew to become the diplomatic capital of Morocco within the nineteenth century.

And in 1845 Sir John Drummond Hay started his four-decade tenure there as a British consultant in Morocco; all through that interval, British commerce, and political effect predominated within the area.

In 1844 Tangier was bombarded by a French fleet as a part of French campaigns in opposition to the Algerian Emir Abdelkader.

The Spanish then invaded Morocco in 1860, thus difficult a British coverage geared toward stopping any Continental energy from securing management of the southern shore of the Strait of Gibraltar.

This example led the British to subject a warning {that a} everlasting Spanish occupation of Tangier or of the close by Moroccan coast wouldn’t be permitted.

About the identical time, numerous overseas powers started to determine their very own postal providers, and in 1864 a lighthouse was established at Cape Spartel that was maintained by the consuls.