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Essaouira Morocco tours is a port city and resort on Morocco’s Atlantic coast. Its medina (old town) is protected by 18th-century seafront ramparts called the Skala de la Kasbah.
Which were designed by European engineers. Old brass cannons line the walls. And there are ocean views. Strong “Alizée” trade winds make the city’s crescent beach popular for surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing.
The Medina of Essaouira Morocco, formerly named Mogador (name originating from the Phœnicine word Migdol meaning a « small fortress »), is an outstanding example of a fortified town of the mid-eighteenth century, surrounded by a wall influenced by the Vauban model.
Constructed according to the principles of contemporary European military architecture, in a North African context, in perfect harmony with the precepts of Arabo-Muslim architecture and town-planning.
It has played a major role over the centuries as an international trading seaport, linking Morocco and sub-Saharan Africa with Europe and the rest of the world.
The town is also an example of a multicultural centre as proven by the coexistence, since its foundation, of diverse ethnic groups.
Such as the Amazighs, Arabs, Africans, and Europeans as well as multiconfessional (Muslim, Christian and Jewish). Indissociable from the marrakech medina, the Mogador archipelago comprises a large number of cultural and natural sites of Outstanding Universal Value.
Its relatively late foundation in comparison to other marrakech medina of North Africa was the work of the Alaouite Sultan Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah (1757-1790) who wished to make this small Atlantic town a royal port.
And chief Moroccan commercial centre open to the outside world. Known for a long time as the Port of Timbuktu. Essaouira Morocco became one of the major Atlantic commercial centres between Africa and Europe at the end of the 18th century and during the 19th century.